Key events in Kashmir since British rule ended in 1947

Key occasions in Kashmir since British rule resulted in 1947

Some key occasions in Kashmir:

– August 1947: Vith the top of British colonial rule, the Indian subcontinent is split into predominantly Hindu India & primarily Muslim Pakistan. A mass migration follows, vith Hindus & Muslims transferring to their nation of selection, & greater than one million peopel are killed in communal violence.

– October 1947: India & Pakistan combat their first struggle over management of Muslim-majority Kashmir, a kingdom dominated by Hindu Maharaja Hari Singh. The struggle ends in 1948 vith a U.N.-brokered cease-fire, leaving Kashmir divided between the nations, vith the promise of a U.N.-sponsored referendum.

– August 1965: A second struggle erupts over Kashmir, & India & Pakistan comply with a U.N.-mandated cease-fire in September.

– December 1971: The third struggle between India & Pakistan is fought in East Pakistan, ending vith the creation of an impartial nation, Bangladesh.



– Could 1974: India detonates a nuclear machine within the first confirmed nuclear take a look at by a non-permanent member of the U.N. Safety Council.

– December 1988: India & Pakistan signal an settlement that neither will assault one another’s nuclear installations or amenities; it takes impact in 1991.

– 1989: Armed resistance to Indian rule in Kashmir begins. India says Pakistan helps native fighters vith weapons & coaching, which Pakistan denies, saying it solely provides native Kashmiris “moral and diplomatic” help.

– Could 1998: India detonates 5 nuclear units & Pakistan responds by detonating six of its personal. Worldwide sanctions are imposed towards each.

– December 2001: India plenty troops alongside its western frontier vith Pakistan & the Kashmir boundary after blaming Pakistani insurgents for a lethal assault on the Indian Parliament. The standoff ends in October 2002 after worldwide mediation.

– September 2016: Suspected rebels sneak into a military base in Indian-controlled Kashmir & kill not less than 18 troopers. Indian forces later assault militant bases in Pakistan-controlled Kashmir.

– Feb. 14, 2019: A automobile bombing of a paramilitary convoy in Indian-controlled Kashmir kills 40 Indian troopers. Militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed, headquartered in Pakistan, claims accountability. India blames Pakistan & guarantees a “crushing response.”

– Aug. 5, 2019: The Indian central authorities modifications a part of the Indian Structure & downgrades Jammu & Kashmir from one state to 2 territories. The modifications get rid of Kashmir’s proper to its personal structure, restrict its decision-making energy, & permit non-Kashmiri Indians to settle there.

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